Peppermint has been used since 79 AD, with the first written and recorded usage by the Romans when they used it as flavoring in their food. You can easily use this method and it really does work- I know as I have used it myself! Rub one drop on your temples, forehead, back of the neck, and sinuses (DO NOT get this in your eyes!)
It works VERY quickly and has been most effective on tension headaches for me :) Be careful though, peppermint oil is VERY strong-especially when it is NOT diluted with for example a carrier oil first! I highly recommend making a diluted mix in a smaller dropper bottle and using this at the first sign of a tension headache.
I've personally not tried THIS method, but I personally know a couple of friends that have and they swear that it works. I am not sure how comfortable I'd be actually putting this on my forehead, but again- if it's something that works for a migraine and you suffer from them as I do, you might be willing to give this a try.
There has been some research and it has been found that Capsaicin may improve the frequency and severity of cluster headaches, through repeated application. Respondents of the study that did see positive results, saw a 50-80% improvement in their migraine!
Ginger has been around for thousands of years as herbal and folklore medicine and is used in many parts of the world: from China and Burma all the way to the Phillipines and the Congo! It has been linked to aiding in headaches, nausea, and possibly reducing tumor growth ! The powdered for is the easiest form to take and easily digestible so they can be purchased in caplets, but you can also drink it in tea- as I have done :) It works quite well on tension headaches and really helps with nausea!
This is a plant that belongs to the daisy family and it has also been used for many years in herbal remedies and medicines. It can be used most effectively in preventing a migraine from forming as many individuals have reports that their headaches become less frequent and in some cases stopped completely with continued use of Feverfew. Freeze dried capsules are the best option as this plant is VERY bitter and look for a dosage of 250 milligrams which is the recommended daily amount. Some teas can also be found and you can grow your own Feverfew too!
These do work from personal experience! They contain magnesium which one study from The University of Maryland Medical Center determined reduced participant's migraines by almost 42% compared to about 16% of those that took the placebo. Magnesium actually helps to relax your body's muscles and lower nerve excitement, which can help with stress and tension headaches significantly as a result!
BUT...beware- for some people almonds may actually TRIGGER a migraine as some studies have shown, so the debate is still "up in the air" officially until more research can be done! If you want to give this method a try, the recommended "dose" is to eat: 10-12 almonds a day as a preventative measure against migraines and headaches.